GUSTAV HOLST (1874-1934)
While teaching and composing in London, Gustav Holst began a love affair with Thaxted after a walking holiday in the area led to his taking a weekend cottage nearby. A great attraction must have been its cathedral-sized church with spacious, white-painted interior, where he became involved with local music-making, encouraged by the town’s Socialist vicar, Conrad Noel. Holst himself was an active Socialist.
In 1916, Holst invited some of his London pupils to spend four days of music-making there in the town’s first Whitsuntide festival. Sadly, this was repeated for only two more years before being moved to London to avoid Holst’s pupils, especially those from St Paul’s School, becoming associated with Noel’s controversial extremist left-wing sermons. It was 1980 before today’s highly successful Thaxted Festival was re-established.
Holst stayed in Thaxted for several years, working, amongst other things, on his acknowledged masterpiece, The Planets. The big melody from “Jupiter” became a hymn tune which he named “Thaxted”, to the words “I vow to thee, my country”. It has since been used for no fewer than fourteen other hymns worldwide as well as the anthem of the Rugby World Cup. Holst also composed what has been voted the nation’s favourite Christmas carol: “In the Deep Midwinter”.
A booklet entitled “Gustav Holst and Thaxted”, by Gustav’s daughter Imogen, is available from Thaxted Church or from the town’s Community Information Centre.
Holst’s involvement with Thaxted: www.thaxted.co.uk/content/gustav-holst-0
The modern-day Thaxted Festival: www.thaxtedfestival.org.uk
The Gustav Holst website: www.gustavholst.info
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